-->

Can Bird flu transmissible to humans?


Bird flu
Credit: pixabay.com


After the corona pandemic bird flu is at high alert in India. This article provides you the best information regarding the bird flu, how it spread, what are the symptoms in the birds, what prevention we should have to take care of and many more things regarding bird flu. You have to just keep reading to know more.

While corona virus cases continue to soar across the world, we have another recent worry – the emergence of bird flu. After many states in India reported death of birds, mostly non domesticated, Bird flu or avian flu was confirmed in Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Himachal. High alerts have also been sounded in Maharashtra. Several states, which have been reporting death of birds, including crows and migratory species, are scrambling to have samples tested for the virus.

Similar incidents were reported in countries like Japan, China, South Korea, Netherlands, U.K, Belgium, Denmark and many more countries. The sudden drop in demand in demand and price is compounding the losses of millions of small poultry farmers in an industry that only recent started to recover from the Covid-outbreak that hugely impacted sales during 2020.

The last time avian influenza hit India in 2006 it seriously disrupted the functioning of poultry industry. The government intervened, first confirming the presence of the bird flu and then destroying numerous birds to control the spread of the virus.

So here we will talk about everything about the bird flu. We will discuss whether this disease can spread from birds to human and whether you should stop eating poultry right now or not?


Personality and Self Development

 

What is Bird flu?






Bird flu
, a disease of birds, is caused a virus known as Avian Influenza Type
a virus. This is an illness that usually only affects birds. There are many different strains of bird flu virus, but most seen and the most deadly virus is called influenza A or H5N1 virus. This virus could affect several kinds of birds, for example wild birds, turkeys, quails, chicken and ducks.


How does it spread?

Bird flu is a contagious disease, which means that it spreads from
diseased or reservoir birds to healthy birds. Virus is shed in the saliva, nasal discharges and faeces of infected birds. Healthy birds become sick when they come in contact with the infected/reservoir birds, their secretions and feed, water or equipment contaminated with virus.


What are the symptoms in birds?

If infected with the mild form of virus, birds show respiratory problems, ruffled feathers, reduced egg production. However, highly pathogenic types result into severe form, swelling of wattles and combs, coughing and nervous signs and
death.


Can it be transmissible to humans?

 Rarely it transmits from birds to humans. However, the persons working in close contact of birds could be at risk.



How to prevent the introduction and spread of this virus? 

Farm to farm transmission is usually through the movement of the live birds, people, contaminated vehicles and equipment.



What measures need to be practiced for prevention and control of bird flu?


Entry of person or vehicles in the poultry farm should be regulated.
Farmers should inform the local veterinarian, in case he/she come across death of wild or migratory birds in the vicinity of the farm.
Don’t handle dead birds with bare hands and dispose the dead birds cautiously under the guidance of local veterinarians, either by burning or burying in a pit covered with suitable disinfection in a pit.
While disposing, wear mask, gloves and safety goggles. If gloves not available, use an inverted polythene bag and wash your hands after the disposal.
Cover the pit area with fence or spray kerosene oil on pit to avoid the access of stray dogs.
Water supply tanks of the farms should be covered properly in order to avoid the
contamination with faeces/saliva of wild or migratory birds.
Avoid activities, which attract wild birds. Trees in the farm or near its boundary should be
pruned.
Maintain sanitation of poultry houses and equipment.
Consumers should take care of their personnel and hand hygiene.
Thoroughly cook poultry and poultry products (including eggs) before consumption.
Proper cooking (>700C) kills influenza viruses.

 

Hope you guys like this article and gained great knowledge from it.

Keep visiting our site for more articles.